Author Guidelines


A well-prepared abstract enables the reader to identify the basic content of a document quickly and accurately, to determine its relevance to their interests, and thus to decide whether to read the document in its entirety. The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, provide a clear statement of the problem, the proposed approach or solution, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be 150 to 250 words in length.

The abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited. The keyword list provides the opportunity to add keywords, used by the indexing and abstracting services, in addition to those already present in the title. Judicious use of keywords may increase the ease with which interested parties can locate our article (10 pt).


The main text format consists of a flat left-right columns on A4 paper (quarto). The margin text from the left and top are 2 cm, right and bottom are 2 cm. The manuscript is written in Microsoft Word, single space, Palatino Linotype 11 pt, and maximum 15 pages for original research article, or maximum 18 pages for review/survey paper, which can be downloaded at the website:

A title of article should be the fewest possible words that accurately describe the content of the paper. The title should be succinct and informative and no more than about 12 words in length. Do not use acronyms or abbreviations in your title and do not mention the method you used, unless your paper reports on the development of a new method. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid writing long formulas with subscripts in the title. Omit all waste words such as "A study of ...", "Investigations of ...", "Implementation of ... ", "Observations on ...", "Effect of ...", "Analysis of …", “Design of…", etc.

A concise and factual abstract is required.  The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 7 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Indexing and abstracting services depend on the accuracy of the title, extracting from it keywords useful in cross-referencing and computer searching. An improperly titled paper may never reach the audience for which it was intended, so be specific.

The Introduction section should provide: i) a clear background, ii) a clear statement of the problem, iii) the relevant literature on the subject, iv) the proposed approach or solution, and v) the new value of research which it is innovation (within 3-6 paragraphs). It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines. Organization and citation of the bibliography are made in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style in sign [1], [2] and so on. The terms in foreign languages are written italic (italic). The text should be divided into sections, each with a separate heading and numbered consecutively [3]. The section or subsection headings should be typed on a separate line, e.g., 1. INTRODUCTION. A full article usually follows a standard structure: 1. Introduction, 2. The Comprehensive Theoretical Basis and/or the Proposed Method/Algorithm (Optional), 3. Method, 4. Results and Discussion, and 5. Conclusion. The structure is well-known as IMRaD style.

Literature review that has been done author used in the section "INTRODUCTION" to explain the difference of the manuscript with other papers, that it is innovative, it are used in the section "RESEARCH METHOD" to describe the step of research and used in the section "RESULTS AND DISCUSSION" to support the analysis of the results [2]. If the manuscript was written really have high originality, which proposed a new method or algorithm, the additional section after the "INTRODUCTION" section and before the "RESEARCH METHOD" section can be added to explain briefly the theory and/or the proposed method/algorithm [4].


Explaining research chronological, including research design, research procedure (in the form of algorithms, Pseudocode or other), how to test and data acquisition [5]–[7]. The description of the course of research should be supported references, so the explanation can be accepted scientifically [2], [4]. Figures 1-2 and Table 1 are presented center (10 pt), as shown below and cited in the manuscript [5], [8]–[13]. Figure 2(a) shown single and ternary ions solution. Figure 2(b) shown electrolyte effect.


In this section, it is explained the results of research and at the same time is given
the comprehensive discussion. Results can be presented in figures, graphs, tables and others that make the reader understand easily [14], [15]. The discussion can be made in several sub-sections.


Provide a statement that what is expected, as stated in the "INTRODUCTION" section can ultimately result in "RESULTS AND DISCUSSION" section, so there is compatibility. Moreover, it can also be added the prospect of the development of research results and application prospects of further studies into the next (based on result and discussion).


Author thanks ... . In most cases, sponsor and financial support acknowledgments.


The main references are international journals and proceedings. All references should be to the most pertinent, up-to-date sources and the minimum of references are 15 entries (for original research paper) and 30 entries (for review/survey paper). References are written in IEEE style. For more complete guide can be accessed at ( Use of a tool such as EndNote, Mendeley, or Zotero for reference management and formatting, and choose IEEE style. Please use a consistent format for references-see examples (10 pt):


Basic Format:

  1. K. Author, “Title of paper,” Abbrev. Title of Journal/Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year, doi: xxx.


  • M. Chiampi and L. L. Zilberti, “Induction of electric field in human bodies moving near MRI: An efficient BEM computational procedure,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., vol. 58, pp. 2787–2793, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1109/TBME.2011.2158315.
  • Fardel, M. Nagel, F. Nuesch, T. Lippert, and A. Wokaun, “Fabrication of Organic Light-emitting Diode Pixels by Laser-assisted Forward Transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 91, no. 6, Aug. 2007, Art. no. 061103, doi: 10.1063/1.2759475.

Conference Proceedings

Basic Format:

  1. K. Author, “Title of paper,” in Abbreviated Name of Conf., (location of conference is optional), year, pp. xxx–xxx, doi: xxx.


  • Veruggio, “The EURON roboethics roadmap,” in Proc. Humanoids ’06: 6th IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. Humanoid Robots, 2006, pp. 612–617, doi: 10.1109/ICHR.2006.321337.
  • Zhao, G. Sun, G. H. Loh, and Y. Xie, “Energy-efficient GPU design with reconfigurable in-package graphics memory,” in Proc. ACM/IEEE Int. Symp. Low Power Electron. Design (ISLPED), Jul. 2012, pp. 403–408, doi: 10.1145/2333660.2333752.


Basic Format:

  1. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of His Published Book, X. Editor, Ed., xth ed. City of Publisher, State (only U.S.), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx.


  • Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method in Computational Electrodynamics II, vol. 3, 2nd ed. Norwood, MA, USA: Artech House, 1996.
  • L. Myer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, vol. 4, P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherret, Eds., San Francisco, CA, USA: Academic, 1977, pp. 47–160.

Theses (B.S., M.S.) and Dissertations (Ph.D.)

Basic Format:

  1. K. Author, “Title of thesis,” M.S. thesis, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., Abbrev. State, year.
  2. K. Author, “Title of dissertation,” Ph.D. dissertation, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., Abbrev. State, year.


  • O. Williams, “Narrow-band analyzer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA, 1993.
  • Kawasaki, “Parametric study of thermal and chemical nonequilibrium nozzle flow,” M.S. thesis, Dept. Electron. Eng., Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan, 1993.

*In the reference list, however, list all the authors for up to six authors. Use et al. only if: 1) The names are not given and 2) List of authors more than 6. Example: J. D. Bellamy et al., Computer Telephony Integration, New York: Wiley, 2010.

See the examples:


[1]    T. S. Ustun, C. Ozansoy, and A. Zayegh, “Recent developments in microgrids and example cases around the world—A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 4030–4041, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.033.

[2]    D. Salomonsson, L. Soder, and A. Sannino, “Protection of Low-Voltage DC Microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1045–1053, Jul. 2009, doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2009.2016622.

[3]    S. Chakraborty and M. G. Simoes, “Experimental Evaluation of Active Filtering in a Single-Phase High-Frequency AC Microgrid,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 673–682, Sep. 2009, doi: 10.1109/TEC.2009.2015998.

[4]    S. A. Hosseini, H. A. Abyaneh, S. H. H. Sadeghi, F. Razavi, and A. Nasiri, “An overview of microgrid protection methods and the factors involved,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 64, pp. 174–186, Oct. 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.05.089.

[5]    S. Chen, N. Tai, C. Fan, J. Liu, and S. Hong, “Sequence‐component‐based current differential protection for transmission lines connected with IIGs,” IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 3086–3096, Jul. 2018, doi: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.1507.

[6]    S. Parhizi, H. Lotfi, A. Khodaei, and S. Bahramirad, “State of the Art in Research on Microgrids: A Review,” IEEE Access, vol. 3, pp. 890–925, 2015, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2443119.

[7]    S. Chowdhury, S. P. Chowdhury, and P. Crossley, Microgrids and Active Distribution Networks. Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2009.

[8]    R. Ndou, J. I. Fadiran, S. Chowdhury, and S. P. Chowdhury, “Performance comparison of voltage and frequency based loss of grid protection schemes for microgrids,” in 2013 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2013, pp. 1–5, doi: 10.1109/PESMG.2013.6672788.

[9]    S. Liu, T. Bi, A. Xue, and Q. Yang, “Fault analysis of different kinds of distributed generators,” in 2011 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Jul. 2011, pp. 1–6, doi: 10.1109/PES.2011.6039596.

[10]  K. Jennett, F. Coffele, and C. Booth, “Comprehensive and quantitative analysis of protection problems associated with increasing penetration of inverter-interfaced DG,” in 11th IET International Conference on Developments in Power Systems Protection (DPSP 2012), 2012, pp. P31–P31, doi: 10.1049/cp.2012.0091.

[11]  P. T. Manditereza and R. Bansal, “Renewable distributed generation: The hidden challenges – A review from the protection perspective,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 58, pp. 1457–1465, May 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.276.

[12]  D. M. Bui, S.-L. Chen, K.-Y. Lien, Y.-R. Chang, Y.-D. Lee, and J.-L. Jiang, “Investigation on transient behaviours of a uni-grounded low-voltage AC microgrid and evaluation on its available fault protection methods: Review and proposals,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 75, pp. 1417–1452, Aug. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.134.

[13]  T. N. Boutsika and S. A. Papathanassiou, “Short-circuit calculations in networks with distributed generation,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 78, no. 7, pp. 1181–1191, Jul. 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2007.10.003.

[14]  H. Margossian, G. Deconinck, and J. Sachau, “Distribution network protection considering grid code requirements for distributed generation,” IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1377–1381, Sep. 2015, doi: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2014.0987.

[15]  O. Núñez-Mata, R. Palma-Behnke, F. Valencia, A. Urrutia-Molina, P. Mendoza-Araya, and G. Jiménez-Estévez, “Coupling an adaptive protection system with an energy management system for microgrids,” Electr. J., vol. 32, no. 10, p. 106675, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.tej.2019.106675.

[16]  M. Brucoli and T. C. Green, “Fault behaviour in islanded microgrids,” in Proceedings of the 19th international conference on electricity distribution, CIRED, 2007, pp. 0548-(1-4).

[17]  I. K. Tarsi, A. Sheikholeslami, T. Barforoushi, and S. M. B. Sadati, “Investigating impacts of distributed generation on distribution networks reliability: A mathematical model,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Electric Power Quality and Supply Reliability Conference, Jun. 2010, pp. 117–124, doi: 10.1109/PQ.2010.5550010.

[18]  L. K. Kumpulainen and K. T. Kauhaniemi, “Analysis of the impact of distributed generation on automatic reclosing,” in IEEE PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition, 2004., pp. 1152–1157, doi: 10.1109/PSCE.2004.1397623.

[19]  A. A. Memon and K. Kauhaniemi, “A critical review of AC Microgrid protection issues and available solutions,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 129, pp. 23–31, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2015.07.006.

[20]  H. A. Abdel-Ghany, A. M. Azmy, N. I. Elkalashy, and E. M. Rashad, “Optimizing DG penetration in distribution networks concerning protection schemes and technical impact,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 128, pp. 113–122, Nov. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2015.07.005.

[21]  S. Chaitusaney and A. Yokoyama, “An Appropriate Distributed Generation Sizing Considering Recloser-Fuse Coordination,” in 2005 IEEE/PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition: Asia and Pacific, pp. 1–6, doi: 10.1109/TDC.2005.1546838.

[22]  H. H. Zeineldin, Y. A.-R. I. Mohamed, V. Khadkikar, and V. R. Pandi, “A Protection Coordination Index for Evaluating Distributed Generation Impacts on Protection for Meshed Distribution Systems,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 1523–1532, Sep. 2013, doi: 10.1109/TSG.2013.2263745.

[23]  D. Eltigani and S. Masri, “Challenges of integrating renewable energy sources to smart grids: A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 52, pp. 770–780, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.140.

[24]  M. M. Eissa (SIEEE), “Protection techniques with renewable resources and smart grids—A survey,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 52, pp. 1645–1667, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.08.031.

[25]  A. Oudalov et al., “Novel Protection Systems for Microgrids,” 2009. [Online]. Available: